Introduction to European Intellectual Property Law

Introduction to European Intellectual Property Law

Intellectual Property Law protects the product of a creative, mental human activity, be it in the  industrial  scientific, literary or artistic field, or a commercial effort. Well known IP regimes include Patent Law, Trademark Law, Design Law and Copyright, which are all becoming increasingly important in Information Technology Law.  The lectures focus on the legal frameworks (national, European and International) and relevant cases to explain the nature and implications of Intellectual Property Rights.

Students will experience and apply  legal instruments governing Intellectual Property Rights, both at International and European level. 



International treaties:

- Berne Convention (copyright)
- Paris Convention (industrial property)  
- WIPO Copyright Treaty (1996)
- Marrakesh Treaty to Facilitate Access to Published Works for Persons who are Blind (2013)
- Rome Convention for Protection of Performers, Producers of Phonograms and Broadcasting Organizations (1961)
- WIPO Performances and Phonograms Treaty (1996)
- Beijing Treaty on Audiovisual Performances (2012)


European legislature:

- Trade Mark Harmonisation:
Directive  2008/95 (formerly Directive 89/104) or by Regulation 207/2009 (formerly Regulation 40/94)

-Copyright Harmonisation:
Most important: Dir 2001/29 on the harmonisation of certain aspects of copyright and related rights in the information society

– Patents Harmonization:
Directive 98/44/EC  on biotechnological patents), European Patent Convention (EPC)

– General aspects (enforcement):
Enforcement directive 2004/48, border measures (Reg 609/2013, formerly Regulation 1383/2003),

- liability of ISPs (E-Commerce Dir 2000/31)

– Unfair competition: full harmonisation of law of unfair competition in business to consumer relations (Dir 2005/29), harmonisation of misleading and comparative advertising (Dir 2006/114)


Selected Cases of ECJ:

- Case C-135/10 - Marco Del Corso
- Case C-5/08 – Infopaq
- Case C-393/09 – BSA
- Sports events – Case C-403/08 – Murphy
- Photographs – Case C-145/10 – Painer
- Databases – Case C-604/10 – Football Dataco
- Applied art – Case C-168/09 – Flos
- Copyright protection as a justified restriction of free movement of goods – Case C-5/11 – Donner
- Partial reproduction – Case C-406/10 – SAS Institute
- Case C-456/06 – Peek & Cloppenburg/Cassina
- Case C-98/13 – Blomqvist/Rolex SA
- Case C-306/05 - SGAE



- Kur, Dreier, European Intellectual Property Law, Texts, Cases and Materials, Edward Elgin, Cheltenham 2013



-Hoppner, Case Comment Reproduction in part of online articles in the aftermath of Infopaq (C-5/08): Newspaper Licensing Agency Ltd v Meltwater Holding BV in E.I.P.R. 2011, 33(5), 331-333
-Lee, Case Comment Photographs and the standard of originality in Europe: Eva-Maria Painer v Standard Verlags GmbH, Axel Springer AG, Suddeutsche Zeitunung GmbH, Spiegel-Verlag Rudolf Augstein GmbH & Co KG, Verlag M. DuMont Schauberg Expedition der Kolnischen Zeitung GmbH & Co KG (C-145/10), E.I.P.R. 2012, 34(4), 290-293
- James, S., And breathe... you can continue browsing the internet, as the CJEU hands down its decision in PRCA v NLA (Meltwater), C.T.L.R. 2014, 20(6), 169-171
-Doukas, D., Case Comment The Sky is not the (only) limit: sports broadcasting without frontiers and the Court of Justice: comment on Murphy, E.L. Rev. 2012, 37(5), 605-626